Breast cancer surgery is a viable treatment option for most stages of breast cancer. The operation aims to eradicate cancerous cells from the breast and some surrounding tissues while preserving as much of the breast as possible. The quantity of breast tissue removed along with the tumor varies with breast cancer surgery techniques, and that depends on where the tumor is, how far it has spread, and how you feel.
The surgeon also removes several lymph nodes beneath the arm to examine them for cancer cells. That assists them in preparing for your post-operative care, and it is best to consider learning more about the various procedures before having breast cancer surgery. The optimal decision for you depends on consultation with your doctor.
Breast cancer surgery is a viable option in the following circumstances.
You have a high risk of breast cancer.
Preventive (prophylactic) mastectomy with or without rapid breast reconstruction may be an option for people at high risk for breast cancer. An increased risk for breast cancer may result from a strong family history of the illness, specific noncancerous breast biopsy results, or a gene mutation.
You have early-stage breast cancer.
When diagnosed with breast cancer, staging is the next step that follows. Staging determines how extensive the tumor is and whether it has spread to other parts of the breast tissue or body. Treatment options for early-stage breast cancers include lumpectomies or mastectomies with or without breast reconstruction, radiation, and occasionally chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy.
You have non-invasive breast cancer.
If you have benign breast cancer, you may wonder what kind of care you will require. Ductal carcinoma in situ is the term doctors use to describe this type of breast cancer (DCIS). This is because the malignancy only affects the milk-producing breast ducts. Stage 0 breast cancer is another name for non-invasive breast cancer.
DCIS can be treated in a variety of ways. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) patients may undergo radiation therapy after a lumpectomy; however, another option is a mastectomy with or without breast reconstruction. The breast cancer treatment anchorage ak aims to eliminate the cancer before it has a chance to spread outside of the ducts and into the soft breast tissue.
You have a large breast tumor.
Although chemotherapy, hormone treatment, or targeted therapy may occasionally be performed before surgery to enable a lumpectomy, mastectomy may manage larger breast tumors. The doctor may suggest additional treatment with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy.
You have locally advanced breast cancer.
Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or targeted therapy are frequently used as initial treatments for breast cancers that are extremely big or have spread to multiple lymph nodes to reduce the tumor size and increase the likelihood of a successful surgical procedure. Radiation therapy is often used after mastectomy or lumpectomy to treat locally advanced breast cancer.
You have recurring breast cancer.
Additional breast cancer surgeries may be recommended to treat recurring breast cancer.
After extensive breast cancer surgery, a doctor may recommend breast reconstruction to rebuild the shape of your breast.