If your toddler has myopia, they are likely nearsighted. They cannot see distant objects distinctly. It may worsen throughout infancy and adolescence, but eyeglasses, contact lenses, and other treatments can improve their vision. Some can slow down the rate of deterioration.
It is typically diagnosed in children between the ages of 8 and 12 but can appear later in life. If not corrected, vision can worsen during adolescence, but it may not alter as much between the ages of 20 and 40. Unfortunately, you cannot reverse myopia, but you can assist your child in obtaining treatment.
Why Does Myopia Occur?
Myopia is characterised by an ocular slightly longer than normal from front to back or a curved cornea (the transparent portion of the front of the eye). Instead of focusing directly on their retina, light focuses in front of it. When this occurs, distant objects appear indistinct.
Your child may be more susceptible to developing it if you or the other parent have nearsightedness. However, heredity is only one component. Myopia is on the rise, and experts believe that more screen time and less time outdoors could be contributing factors.
How is Myopia Identified?
Your child may not complain about blurry vision. Or they may claim it is difficult to see distant objects. Instead, they may grimace or move closer to objects in order to see plainly. As a result, they may experience frequent migraines and eye rubbing. Make an appointment with an eye specialist if they have difficulty seeing objects at a distance. In addition, you can visit an ophthalmologist or optometrist for a vision examination and eye exam.
Children should have their vision examined at 6 months, 3 years, and prior to entering first grade. It is particularly essential if you have a family history of progressive myopia or other eye diseases.
Can Short-Sightedness Be Prevented?
Myopia is frequently hereditary. You cannot reverse the progression, but there are ways to slow it down.
Eyeglasses, contact lenses with multiple focal points, eye drops, and lubricants can enhance vision and prevent myopia from worsening. However, they cannot prevent nearsightedness.
Some research indicates that daily exposure to at least two hours of daylight can reduce the risk of myopia and may help in preventing it. However, it does not appear to prevent the disease from worsening in infants who already have it. According to research, glaring light causes the retina to release dopamine. This chemical may inhibit eye development. Vitamin D may also play a role.
Ensure that your infant receives an eye exam as soon as possible, especially if nearsightedness or other eye conditions run in your family. It may be time for an eye exam if you observe them squinting, wiping their eyes, or experiencing frequent migraines. It is essential that they have the correct prescription for corrective lenses, as overcorrection can accelerate myopia.