Prostate is a part of the male reproductive system beside the penis and testicles. Prostate is a small gland, size of a walnut that is located deep inside the groin and surrounds the tube connected to the bladder known as the urethra. It is located between the base of the penis and rectum. It plays a role in sperm viability and motility by supplying seminal fluid or semen and mixed with sperm from the testes. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. Casodex 50 mg is a common drug used to help treat prostate cancer.
Most prostate cancers develop from the gland cell and in most common cases it is associated with adenocarcinoma. Prostate cancer is common in men after skin and lung cancers. It is estimated that 1 in 8 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their life. Prostate cancer typically is diagnosed in those aged 65 and above.
Symptoms of prostate cancer differ in one person and another. Common symptoms include difficulty in urination, discomfort passing urine, presence of blood in the urine or semen, frequent urination especially at night, trouble to completely empty the bladder and pain in the bones especially the back, hips or pelvis area and unintentional weight loss. Since symptoms of prostate cancer may resemble other medical conditions, it is best to get checked by a doctor for further explanation and medical advice.
Casodex is indeed a common drug used to treat prostate cancer. Casodex contains bicalutamide as its active ingredients. Bicalutamide works by blocking testosterone hormone. This hormone plays a vital role in the growth of prostate cancer cells. Casodex is known to belong to a drug type of anti-androgen or androgen receptor inhibitor. This means that it is used as hormone therapy. Casodex is usually combined with other hormone therapy such as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analog in managing prostate cancer. Casodex is usually given around a month before combining with the LHRH analog.
Prostate cancer surprisingly is a slow-growing type of cancer which means there is more time and chance for men to get treatment early on. You may be wondering how long you should take Casodex for prostate cancer given the slow-growing nature of the disease itself. Casodex is usually taken for approximately 3 years. However, it is worth noting that the exact duration to take Casodex depends on the cancer stage, response towards therapies provided, other therapies used to treat cancer and the possible side effects. The right answer for how long you should be taking Casodex will be determined by your doctor. One thing for sure, Casodex is a medicine that is typically taken for a long period of time.
Taking this medicine for a long period of time might be difficult for some people. Hence, it is best for patients to take the medicine at the same time of the day to remember taking it regularly. The recommended dose is one tablet once a day. Patients can take this medicine in the morning or evening, as long as it is taken regularly at the same time of the day. This helps to maximise the drug’s effectiveness. It is vital for patients to take this medicine as instructed by doctors.
Casodex, just as with any other medicine, does have potential side effects. Common side effects include abdominal pain, presence of blood in urine, hot flush, dizziness, breast tenderness and swelling of limbs such as hands, ankles or feet. Serious side effects are rare but breathing difficulty should be a sign patients should get to the emergency room immediately. Remember, doctors will always prescribe medicine that provides benefits that outweigh the side effects. It can be understandable that taking medicine for a long time can cause worries such as the possibility of toxicity or damage to the organs. Fret not, doctors will always run blood tests to make sure this does not occur. Hence, patients should always attend appointments and follow-up with their doctor. If a patient has other medical conditions such as hypertension or infection and is taking other medicine, they should let their doctor know. This is necessary to avoid possible drug interaction or high chance for side effects that could worsen the current prostate cancer condition.
Due to the fact that patients that take Casodex for a long time, there is also a risk for them to experience side effects for a period of time. In general, Casodex takes approximately 30 days for most of the Casodex to be removed from the body. In patients with liver impairment, it may take up to 50 days before Casodex is removed from the body. Thus, in terms of side effects, side effects should go away in a few days or a couple of weeks. Never stop taking this medicine abruptly because this may lead to antiandrogen withdrawal syndrome which may worsen prostate cancer or cause the cancer to progress rapidly than before. Thus, if patients do feel side effects from taking this medicine, they should notify their doctor and not intentionally stop taking the medicine cold turkey.